Maintenance Notice

Due to necessary scheduled maintenance, the JMIR Publications website will be unavailable from Monday, March 11, 2019 at 4:00 PM to 4:30 PM EST. We apologize in advance for any inconvenience this may cause you.

Who will be affected?

Advertisement

Currently submitted to: JMIR Aging

Date Submitted: Jul 14, 2019
Open Peer Review Period: Jul 17, 2019 - Sep 6, 2019
(closed for review but you can still tweet)

NOTE: This is an unreviewed Preprint

Warning: This is a unreviewed preprint (What is a preprint?). Readers are warned that the document has not been peer-reviewed by expert/patient reviewers or an academic editor, may contain misleading claims, and is likely to undergo changes before final publication, if accepted, or may have been rejected/withdrawn (a note “no longer under consideration” will appear above).

Peer-review me: Readers with interest and expertise are encouraged to sign up as peer-reviewer, if the paper is within an open peer-review period (in this case, a “Peer-Review Me” button to sign up as reviewer is displayed above). All preprints currently open for review are listed here. Outside of the formal open peer-review period we encourage you to tweet about the preprint.

Citation: Please cite this preprint only for review purposes or for grant applications and CVs (if you are the author).

Final version: If our system detects a final peer-reviewed “version of record” (VoR) published in any journal, a link to that VoR will appear below. Readers are then encourage to cite the VoR instead of this preprint.

Settings: If you are the author, you can login and change the preprint display settings, but the preprint URL/DOI is supposed to be stable and citable, so it should not be removed once posted.

Submit: To post your own preprint, simply submit to any JMIR journal, and choose the appropriate settings to expose your submitted version as preprint.

Internet Healthcare in Europe

  • Sebastian Merkel; 
  • Moritz Hess; 

ABSTRACT

Background:

Digital healthcare is becoming more and more important but also bears the risk of further increasing the digital divide as not all persons have the skills and knowledge to fully benefit from potential advantages. In particular, older persons have less experience with the internet and, hence, are in danger of being excluded. Knowledge on influences on eHealth adoption of older persons helps to develop and promote strategies in order to decrease the digital divide.

Objective:

This study examined if and how older people are using the new digital possibilities to access healthcare. Moreover, it examined what personal characteristics are associated with using eHealth and if there are country differences.

Methods:

Data for this study came from the Special Eurobarometer 460 (SB 460), which collected data on Europeans handling with and attitudes towards digital technologies, robots and artificial intelligence including a question on the use of online healthcare of 27,901 EU citizens age of 15 and older. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of using the internet for healthcare services with several individual and country level variables.

Results:

Results show that on the individual level being younger, higher educated, higher social class, living in an urban area and being politically more right is positively and significantly correlated with a higher probability to use eHealth. On the country level the share of older people, who had participated in any training activity within the last month, was positively correlated with the share of older people using eHealth.

Conclusions:

The probability to use eHealth and all its accompanying advantages strongly depends on the socio-economic background and should be of concern to policy makers and politicians. Training and educational programs might be helpful to mitigate these differences.


 Citation

Please cite as:

Merkel S, Hess M

Internet Healthcare in Europe

JMIR Preprints. 14/07/2019:15491

DOI: 10.2196/preprints.15491

URL: https://preprints.jmir.org/preprint/15491


Request queued. Please wait while the file is being generated. It may take some time.

© The authors. All rights reserved. This is a privileged document currently under peer-review/community review (or an accepted/rejected manuscript). Authors have provided JMIR Publications with an exclusive license to publish this preprint on it's website for review and ahead-of-print citation purposes only. While the final peer-reviewed paper may be licensed under a cc-by license on publication, at this stage authors and publisher expressively prohibit redistribution of this draft paper other than for review purposes.